In the European Union there are 24 official languages that are both working languages , namely English, Bulgarian , Croatian, Czech , Danish, Dutch , Estonian , Finnish, French, Greek, Spanish, Irish , Lithuanian, Latvian , Maltese , Dutch , German, Polish , Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovenian, Swedish , Hungarian and Italian.
The first Community Regulation on official languages was adopted in 1958. It established the first official and working languages of the EU – French , Dutch , German and Italian – the language of the first Member State. Since then, the number of official languages to grow, as the EU have joined other states . Official languages is less than the Member States , since some of them speak the same language. For example, the official languages in Belgium are Dutch, French and German , and the majority of the population of Cyprus speak Greek, which has the status of an official language .
Status of an official and working language means:
1. Every these languages, you can upload documents to the institutions of the EU and each of them an answer ,
2. EU regulations and other legal documents are published in the official languages , as well as Official Journal .
Due to the limitations of time and money relatively small part of the working documents translated into all languages . The European Commission English, French and German are commonly used for procedural languages , while in the European Parliament documents are translated into the various languages of the needs of MEPs .
Linguistic diversity is a democratic and cultural foundation of the European Union , confirmed in Art. 22 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU.Under the Treaty of Lisbon , the EU
The right of existence of linguistic diversity is applicable rule in the EU institutions . The EU Treaty has the same meaning in all versions of the official languages of the EU (Article 55 TEU). Every citizen has the opportunity to write to each EU institution and receive an answer in the same language , which posted a question (Article 24 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the EU).